Microdermabrasion Course

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Begin with these modules

Skin Anatomy and Aging
Understanding Acne

What is Microdermabrasion?

Microdermabrasion is a popular skin-exfoliating treatment that uses a specific beauty machine. When compared to other more invasive resurfacing methods such as dermabrasion, chemical peeling, and laser resurfacing, microdermabrasion has the advantages of low risk and quick recovery. Because microdermabrasion removes only a very superficial layer of skin, it is best suited to improving conditions on the skin’s surface such as early photoaging (sun damage), fine lines, age spots, acne, and superficial scarring, though the results are not dramatic. Although the face is the most commonly treated area for microdermabrasion, any skin area can be treated, including the neck, chest, back, and hands. Microdermabrasion is also known as a microderm, a lunchtime peel, a Parisian peel, and a Diamond peel.

Microdermabrasion is a painless, non-invasive skin-rejuvenation procedure that involves the application of a fine abrasive tip or crystals to the skin, as well as vacuum suction. Microdermabrasion does not require the use of needles or anaesthetics. The vacuum pressure and speed are adjusted based on the skin’s sensitivity and tolerance. Microdermabrasion is frequently compared to the sensation of a cat licking your face, as it has a rough but gentle texture.

Microdermabrasion sessions can range from five to sixty minutes in length. Microdermabrasion requires little to no recovery time, and most people resume their normal activities immediately after a session. Makeup and non-irritating creams can typically be applied immediately following microdermabrasion. Microdermabrasion has been shown in studies to temporarily improve the absorption of some topical medications by increasing skin permeability.

Microdermabrasion is a popular machine-assisted skin-exfoliating treatment. Microdermabrasion has the advantages of low risk and quick recovery when compared to other more invasive resurfacing methods such as dermabrasion, chemical peeling, and laser resurfacing. Because microdermabrasion removes only a very superficial layer of skin, it works best on improving conditions on the skin’s surface, such as early photoaging (sun damage), fine lines, age spots, acne, and superficial scarring, though the results are not dramatic. Although the face is the most commonly treated area for microdermabrasion, any skin area, including the neck, chest, back, and hands, can be treated. Microdermabrasion is also known as microderm, lunchtime peel, Parisian peel, and Diamond peel.

Microdermabrasion is a painless, non-invasive skin-rejuvenation procedure that involves the application of a fine abrasive tip or crystals to the skin, as well as vacuum suction. Microdermabrasion does not require the use of needles or anaesthetics. The vacuum pressure and speed are adjusted based on the skin’s sensitivity and tolerance. Microdermabrasion is frequently compared to the sensation of a cat licking your face, as it has a rough but gentle texture. Microdermabrasion sessions can range from five to sixty minutes in length. Microdermabrasion requires little to no recovery time, and most people resume their normal activities immediately after a session. Makeup and non-irritating creams can typically be applied immediately following microdermabrasion. Microdermabrasion has been shown in studies to temporarily improve the absorption of some topical medications by increasing skin permeability.

Microdermabrasion removes a few of the top layers of the skin, known as the stratum corneum. Microderm, like brushing your teeth, helps to gently remove “plaque” and skin debris. Because human skin regenerates at approximately 30-day intervals, skin improvement with microdermabrasion is only temporary and must be repeated at two to four-week intervals for continued improvement. The best results are obtained by combining multiple treatments with sunscreen, sun avoidance, and other skin-care creams.

Microdermabrasion should not be confused with dermabrasion, which is an invasive surgical procedure typically performed under local or general anaesthesia by dermatologists or plastic surgeons. Dermabrasion is a treatment for more severe acne scars. Dermabrasion requires anaesthetic because it is too painful otherwise. Dermabrasion is also used to treat certain types of deep scars.

Microdermabrasion Treatment Introduction

How Does Microdermabrasion Work?

Microdermabrasion works by exfoliating your skin with microcrystals or a mineral tip using a special device. This abrasive action removes dry, dead skin cells and impurities from the skin. The process is interpreted as an injury by the body, which stimulates the growth of younger, brighter-looking skin. Higher levels of elastin and collagen are released during this procedure, resulting in a smoothing out of the skin’s overall texture, colour, and appearance.

A crystal microdermabrasion system typically consists of a pump, a connecting tube, a handpiece, and a vacuum. The vacuum removes the crystals and exfoliated skin cells while the pump creates a high-pressure stream of inert crystals such as aluminium oxide, magnesium oxide, sodium chloride, and sodium bicarbonate to abrade the skin. In the diamond microdermabrasion system, the inert crystals can be replaced by a roughened surface of the tip.

Unlike the crystal microdermabrasion system, the diamond microdermabrasion machine does not generate particles from crystals that can be inhaled or blown into a patient’s eyes. As a result, diamond microdermabrasion is safer to use around the eyes and lips. The deeper the treatment, in general, the slower the movement of the handpiece against the skin and the more passes over the skin.

Who Should Have Microdermabrasion?

Microdermabrasion can help with dull or sallow skin, mild acne, acne discoloration, pick marks, and very superficial acne scars. Microdermabrasion may be a good treatment option for patients with superficial skin problems and busy lifestyles who want minimal benefits with little to no downtime or side effects. Individuals with deeper acne scars may require a much longer series of treatments or may benefit from surgical dermabrasion, chemical peeling, or laser resurfacing performed by a physician.

Microdermabrasion is best suited for healthy people with minor skin imperfections and realistic expectations of the procedure. Microdermabrasion treatments can help patients with uneven pigmentation, clogged pores, acne, blackheads, fine facial lines, minor scars, and age spots.


However, it is not advised for those who have active keloids or warts in the treatment area. Pregnant women should avoid microdermabrasion procedures until after the baby is born.

Your skin is exposed to harsh environmental elements and other damaging agents over time, which can cause it to become dry, dull, and worn out. From the sun’s UV rays to pollution, to poor sleeping and working habits, to the food you eat and the products you apply to your face and body, collagen production slows as you age. All of these factors have an impact on your skin.

How Long Between Treatments?

Microdermabrasion can be done as frequently as once a week or as infrequently as once every eight weeks, depending on your skin’s tolerance and desired cosmetic effects. Many people begin with weekly treatments for three sessions before switching to a monthly maintenance regimen.


Microdermabrasion, like brushing your teeth, helps to gently remove skin debris. Because human skin regenerates at approximately 30-day intervals, skin improvement with microdermabrasion is only temporary and must be repeated at two to four week intervals for continued improvement. Multiple treatments (six to twelve sessions) are usually recommended to see a significant improvement.

It is critical to allow enough time between microdermabrasion procedures so that your skin can recover. Many dermatologists advise waiting two weeks between treatments, but you should follow the instructions on the product you’re using.


It should not be used more frequently than recommended because it can harm your skin. The frequency with which you receive each treatment will also be determined by your skin type, skin issues, and expectations.

What’s Is The Best Moisturiser To Use After Microdermabrasion?

Moisturizer is a very personal choice, and the type to use after microdermabrasion depends, to some extent, on your client.


However, after a microdermabrasion treatment, a fragrance-free, non-comedogenic moisturiser product is highly recommended because it contains fewer irritants than standard facial creams and lotions while still keeping your skin fully hydrated. Because it is non-comedogenic, it will not clog pores.


Because your skin may be more sensitive to sunlight in the days following a microdermabrasion treatment, you should ideally choose a moisturiser that also contains some sun protection.

Are There Age Limits For Microdermabrasion?

While there are no age or gender restrictions, children over the age of 12 and adults over the age of 65 can typically benefit from microdermabrasion. While there is no upper age limit, mature skin over the age of 70 may be more prone to bruising and skin abrasions. Individuals under the age of 12 may also receive treatment from a dermatologist or plastic surgeon.

What Does The Vacuum Do In Microdermabrasion?

The vacuum component of microdermabrasion serves four basic functions:

  • It gently pulls and lifts a small section of skin in preparation for micro abrasion.
  • It has the ability to spray a stream of crystals across the targeted skin area.
  • It causes mild swelling in the skin and stimulates blood circulation in specific areas.
  • It collects used crystals and dead skin in a container for disposal.

What Should People Expect Before, During And After Microdermabrasion?

After microdermabrasion, the skin should be softer and smoother, feeling fresher and more rejuvenated. Eye protection, such as eye pads or goggles, may be used before beginning the microdermabrasion treatment. Frequently, the skin is prepared and cleansed of makeup and oils. Despite this, no local anaesthetic is required. In order to achieve the most effective abrasion and vacuum, the skin will be stretched to provide some tension. The handpiece is moved across the skin in single, smooth passes. Two to four passes per area are usually sufficient.

The desired result is mild pinkness of the skin, which usually resolves within minutes to hours after microdermabrasion. In addition, mild exfoliation of the skin may occur. If exfoliation occurs, apply moisturiser or ointment on a regular basis. For a few days, clients may experience a mild sunburn-like sensation. Furthermore, because photosensitivity may be increased after treatment, it is advised to use sunscreen liberally.

Microdermabrasion may stimulate collagen production, assisting in skin rejuvenation. As age spots and fine lines from photoaging fade, the skin may become softer and smoother. However, the outcomes are modest.

Does Microdermabrasion Help With Acne Scars?

People who have active acne, mild acne discolouration, pick marks, and very superficial or raised acne scars may benefit greatly from microdermabrasion. Dermatologists use microdermabrasion to clear acne and unclog pores. Microderm can help speed up acne clearing when used in conjunction with gentle glycolic peels and medical acne extractions. Individuals with more severe acne scars may benefit from surgical dermabrasion or laser resurfacing.

What Are Possible Side Effects Of Microdermabrasion?

Microdermabrasion has few potential side effects and is a very safe procedure. Because microderm only affects the epidermis, the skin’s outermost layer, the potential drawbacks are very limited. Skin tightness, redness, bruising, and sensitivity are all common minor, temporary side effects. In general, the greater the potential benefits of a cosmetic treatment, the greater the risks and side effects. More aggressive treatments, such as dermabrasion and laser, carry far greater risks than microdermabrasion.
Microdermabrasion may cause the following side effects:

  • Skin tightness
  • Redness
  • Minor bruising.
  • Skin sensitivity.
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH).
  • Small skin abrasions.
  • Spots of bleeding.
  • Eye-skin bruising (especially if you are taking aspirin or other blood thinners).
  • Fine broken blood vessels (telangiectasia).
  • Cold sore reactivation around lips.

COLD SORES
Cold sore reactivation is uncommon after microderm around the lips. If you’ve had a lot of cold sores in the past, consider either avoiding treatment around the lip borders or asking your doctor about taking an antiviral pill as a preventative measure.

INFLAMMATION
Excessive microderm may cause skin breaks and subsequent post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). Also, if you are taking aspirin or other blood thinners such as warfarin (Coumadin) or clopidogrel bisulphate, you may be more prone to bruising (ecchymosis) if you receive aggressive treatment (Plavix). Because microdermabrasion only removes the top layer of skin, scarring and pigment changes are extremely rare if the procedure is done correctly.

MEDICATIONS
Furthermore, if a person is taking isotretinoin (Accutane) or has taken this medication within the last six to twelve months, resurfacing treatments such as microdermabrasion may not be appropriate due to the increased risk of scarring. Because the potential risk is so low, some dermatologists may treat isotretonion patients with gentler sessions.

What Is The Cost Of Professional Microdermabrasion?

While the cost of any treatment is determined by a variety of factors, including country / state / demographic / local competition, microdermabrasion costs can range from $100 to $250 per treatment.

Microdermabrasion Facts

  • Microdermabrasion is a simple, quick, and painless cosmetic procedure that requires no downtime and poses little risk.
  • Microdermabrasion uses abrasion and suction to gently exfoliate the skin’s surface layers.
  • Microdermabrasion abrades the skin with fine crystals or minute diamond-studded tips and removes dead skin cells with vacuum suction.
  • Microdermabrasion has a low risk and a quick recovery time; it is painless and does not require needles or anaesthesia.
  • Microdermabrasion can help improve the appearance of the skin by reducing fine lines, early sun damage, and mild, shallow acne scars. It is ineffective for treating deep acne scars or wrinkles.
  • Even after just one treatment, skin may become noticeably smoother and more receptive to moisturisers.
  • It is a reasonably priced professional treatment that ranges between $100 and $200 per treatment.
  • For best results, microdermabrasion should be repeated every three to four weeks.
  • Microdermabrasion is not a laser treatment.

Microdermabrasion Demonstration

Microdermabrasion – Step by Step

When you buy a microdermabrasion kit or machine, it will come with an instruction manual. Because each device is slightly different, make sure to follow it precisely to achieve the desired results and to avoid harming your skin in any way.

Here is an example of a treatment session:

  1. Cleanse the skin gently with an oil-free, fragrance-free cleanser. Avoid using harsh cleansers because they may cause the skin to dry out more than usual and make it more sensitive to the microdermabrasion process.
  2. Using a cotton towel, pat the skin dry. To allow the microdermabrasion machine to work most effectively, your face must be completely dry.
  3. Turn on the microdermabrasion machine and gently pull one skin area tight with your free hand. Rotate the handheld device in an upward circular motion on your skin, making only one or two passes.
  4. Repeat the procedure for the entire face, neck, or other treatment area.
  5. After the procedure, apply any skin care oils, lotions, or creams that are required. Don’t forget to use a toner first to restore the pH of your clients skin.
  6. Moisturise thoroughly to hydrate the skin and reduce reddening in sensitive areas.

Extracting with Microdermabrasion

Microdermabrasion Machine Assembly

Courtesy of YouTube